|Strategic Value Justifies the
"Strategically, the islands are of vast value, as it enables us to be near the Asiatic shore with a base of supplies and a body of troops ready to support the diplomatic measures of the U.S. to keep "open door." I assure you that a division of troops on hand in the Philippines, with Manila or Subic Bay as a base, is worth more than the entire costs that we have been put to in the Philippines . . . our possessing this base should make enemies hesitate and will probably prevent an expansive war."
Table of Philippine Annexation
|Political Repercussion||War divided the U.S. into two political camps --the "Imperialists" and the "Anti-Imperialists"||Lost the Philippine independence declared by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo; independence was postponed until July 4, 1946.||Owing to the slow nature of the communications reaching the Philippine Islands, very few Filipinos knew that the U.S. was debating for their political future.|
|Human Lives||Roughly 5,000||25,000 Soldiers; roughly 500,000 civilians||The 'genocidal proportion' of war casualties was attributed to the reconcentrados instituted by the U.S. military in places like Batangas, some Bicol provinces and Marinduque.|
|War Cost||$600,000,000||Carabao, a native water buffalo and a useful farm animal, was reduced to ten percent (shrank by 90%).|
|Buyout of Friarlands||$7,227,000 paid to Vatican for rougly 403,713 acres of friarlands|
|Philippine Purchase||$20,000,000 paid to Spain by the U.S. in compliance to Article III of the Treaty of Paries signed on December 10, 1898.||The selling of the Philippines to the U.S. by Spain, through the Treaty of Paris, was felt by Mabini as a confirmation to the true colonial intentions of the U.S. on the Philippines.||Treated as business transaction, the U.S. purchased the Philippine "assets and liabilities" --land as "assests" and the insurrection as "liabilities."|
|Legacy||The U.S. realized later that the war was an embarrassment for the them --a superpower fighting a mere ragtag army.||Filipinos lost its dignity, in fighting a war with a just cause, when the U.S. downgraded the title of "war" to merely "insurrection."||The downgrading of the "war" to merely "insurrection" by the U.S. may have been intentionally made in order to its embarrassment.|
|It proved that the U.S. will follow "where the flag goes," not what the Constitution says or limits.||First Republic or Malolos Government dismantled, lost its independence only to be granted back on July 4, 1946||Original Independence Day was declared by Aguinaldo on June 12, 1898.|
[Note: Insurrection is technically
correct when describing Filipinos revolting against Spain.]
Friarland Purchased by the U.S.
(Contract dated December 23, 1903. Source: John Freman, Philippine Islands, p. 601)
|Cavite||121,747||Some lands were held for centuries, none less than one generation.|
|Cagayan||49,400||Government grant to Agustinian friars, Sept. 25, 1880|
|Mindoro||58,455||Government grant to Recoletos friars, 1894|
1. The Franciscan were not allowed by its rules to posses any property. It therefore had no agricultural lands, and no other property than dwelling-houses for members, two convents, and two infirmaries.
2. See Senate Document No. 112, p. 27, 56th Congress, 2nd Session; and Senate Document No. 331, p. 180 of Part 1., 57th Congress, 1st Session. Published by the Government Printing Office, Washington.
|Total Cost||$ 7,227,000|
|Average Cost/Acre||$ 17.90|
Basis for Spain's Claim for Cempensation
Moral Question Behind Spain's Claim for Compensation
Spain's Claim for Sovereignty
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