OWN RUIN.": The Story of the
1898 U.S. Philippine Annexation
America's Original Vietnam!
America's Longest Foreign War!
"The supremacy of the United States must and
will be enforced throughout every part of the Archipelago and those who
resist it can accomplish no end other than ."
Excerpt from the Proclamation of the First Philippine (Schurman) Commission,
addressed to the Filipino people on April 4, 1899.