Weapons of the War
Norwegian-designed Krag-Jorgensen carbine atop items used in the Spanish-American
War and the early Philippine campaign, including a cavalry saddle, canteen,
gloves, spurs, and hat. The Krag was the last U.S. Army Cavalry carbine
that was used from 1895 to 1905. [Photo credit: National Rifle Association
models of the Krag-Jorgensen rifles that came in two models: the 30-inch
barrel infantry version (bayonets mounted on) and 22-inch barrel cavalry
version, both .30 calibers. At the bottom is a Colt .38 revolver, shown
for size comparison.
rapid-firing Gatling gun, that was invented and perfected during the U.S.
Civil War, was a deadly weapon in formal battles with the Filipinos during
the early part of the Philippine-American War. But in guerrilla warfare,
it found limited use due to problems of maneuverability
Hotchkiss 37-millimeter revolving cannon, a Gatling-like rapid-firing gun
with five barrels that would fire five-pound cannon shells. Mounted in
naval vessels, it was effective in demolishing the Filipino troop encampments
along the Pasig River and Laguna Bay during the early days of the war.
modern breech-loading artillery piece. The Americans were able to move
it quickly on dry land.
assault artillery pieces on U.S. transport ships at Tampa, Florida for
Cuba during the earlier Spanish-American War. The same artillery pieces
were also used during the Philippine-American War. It was effective in
breaking the defense entrenchment of the Filipinos at the Battle of Bagbag/Calumpit.
U.S. had a formidable navy with big guns; the Philippine Navy had only
a U.S. Army Signal Corps field telegraph station, the telegrapher hands
a message to a mounted courier for delivery to the headquarters of a division
advancing north of Manila. The American commanders could easily and accurately
assess the field situation compared to the Filipinos who relied only on
Americans had fine horses which gave their cavalry units great mobility.
The same imported horses were nearly twice the average sizes of their local
American Weapons Not Shown:
||"Thorite," a new explosive
"to rock the Filipinos to their senses."
||Flame thrower, converted from
steam engine fire-fighting engine "to spray villages with petroleum to
make them burn more rapidly."
||Maxim guns mostly used in the
Mindanao Moro wars.
[ Source : Stuart C. Miller, Benevolent
Assimilation , Yale University Press, 1982]
bladed weapons — four knives and their scabbards. At top center is a Talibon
the others are assorted bolo knives called itak in Tagalog
bladed weapons — three knives and their scabbards. At left is a Bárong
at right is a Kris ; in center is the Sultan of Sulu's dress sword.
Not shown in the photo is another favorite Moro sword called
spears of the Moro resistance fighters.
muzzle-loading Spanish cannon captured from the Spaniards was used by the
Filipinos in formal battles against the Americans during the early days
of the War.
cannons made out of sections of water pipe, covered with wood held in place
by iron straps, and mounted on cart wheels and axles.
of the rifles used during the Philippine Revolution of 1896-1898.
The top rifle is a .30-caliber American-made Remington rolling block rifle,
shown here with a bayonet. Below is a German-made Mauser rifle used by
the Spanish Army and many were later captured by the Filipinos. [Photo
by Ron Ziel in his book Birth of the American Century: Centennial History
of the Spanish-American War
, New York: Amereon House, c.1997.]
"They had even collected a comical little navy
— eight Spanish steam launches and five larger ships enough to carry a
few captured three-inch guns — and these vessels now commenced darting
about the bay under the new Filipino flag, quite insolently getting into
— Leon Wolff, in his book Little Brown Brother
Filipino Weapons Not Shown:
" The rebels [Filipinos] had a large gun, from
which they were firing home-made canisters, loaded with nails. . .Their
shooting was most accurate."
— Marshall Everett, in Exciting
Assorted home-made weapons (guns, bamboo and
stell pipe cannons, etc.)
Our Wars with Spain and the Filipinos
The Educational Co., Chicago, 1899.
Traps and dugouts armed with sharpened bamboo
stakes called suyak in the Visayas.
to Various Filipino Weapons, from Duke University collections [Miscellaneous
collection of arms consisting of bamboo cannon ( lantaka),
Mauser and Remington rifles, and bolos .]
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